Why the US national anthem is terrible — and perfect


If you’ve ever tried to sing the star spangled
banner, “You see”
You know it’s not easy. “And the rockets’ red glare. Can’t go that high.” The lowest note and the highest note are an octave and a half apart. That’s 12 full notes. For comparison, God Save The Queen spans seven
notes. Oh Canada? It’s nine. Yes exactly Estelle, this is why we need a
new national anthem. What? No. Joss, This is why the national anthem is so
great. Nonono theFfrench anthem is great. And it’s got a range of nine notes. Nine notes is enough to make Yvonne cry
in Casablanca. “Viva La France!!” But 12 notes? That just feels like failure. I know the words to it but I’m so aware
of how bad I sound that I have to stop right now. Ok so it’s not just the overall range,
The whole song feels like it’s trying to lose us, starting with the first line. So you go “Oh say can you see.” I’ve already traversed an octave from “say”
to “see” That’s music theory expert Paula Telesco. But from “see” I have to go up to “by the.” So now I’ve traversed a 10th, and we’re only
in the second measure. And then right here, you’re also hit with
a chromatic note, which means it’s not in the same key that the rest of the notes are
in. And that comes right after this dive. An “Interval” is the distance between
two notes. If they’re right next to each other, they’re
called “steps.” Most music moves by step, meaning a smaller
percentage of skips. But the star spangled banner is full of skips,
including fourths, fifths,
sixths, a tenth! So you know it’s kind of treacherous. That’s why music teachers in the 30s opposed
the law that officially made the star spangled banner our national anthem. And a writer in the 1920s said that “No one with
a normal esophagus can sing it without screaming.” And in 1906 the Washington Post called it
“perhaps the most …unlovely tune that was ever wrung from the quivering bowels of
a horn.” Are you done? Yes. I’m just saying.. Shouldn’t the national anthem be something
we can all sing? Exactly. Ok but how often do you really need to do
that? I mean consider the context where most Americans
even hear the song. The super bowl, NBA finals, the World Series. Why shouldn’t the national anthem performance
be just as challenging and anxiety ridden as whatever sporting event it’s commencing? What happens when you start too high? You’re screwed. You’re totally screwed. That’s Matt Farnsworth. He’s a vocal coach and teacher in New York
City. People think I should just start in a comfortable
range, like “oh say.” That would be my comfortable range. But really I need to start down here. “Oh say” Otherwise, I’m going to be
very very high by the time I get to the end of the song. “Land of the free” And the vowels in these lyrics make it even harder. “O’er the land” — open vowel. “Of the” and then all of a sudden you
have to go to a closed vowel, which is i: — i: and u: are closed vowels. “Free.” So you got to figure out how to sing the e
vowel with an open throat, but close it on top. Talented singers pull this off by mixing their
chest and head voice. So chest voice is like your Ethel Merman. “Give my regards to Broadway.” Head voice is when we think of like opera
singers. If you’re just using your chest voice at
“the land of the free” It’ll sound like this. “Land of the” and then you feel the “free”
and it just feels like it’s not going to go. But if you incorporate your head voice just
a little, it’s like hitting a game winning fadeaway
jump shot. And notice how Jennifer Hudson went up even
more on “Free” That’s not just an octave and half, that
two octaves. There’s one person who did it so well that
a recording of the song peaked at 20 on Billboard Hot 100. “Land of the free. And the home of the brave.” If our anthem was easy to sing, Joss, we would
not get these moments. Ok I’m not saying I don’t have goosebumps,
but let the record show that that microphone was not on. Wait wait wait wait wait. That was pre-recorded? You’re killing my heart right now. Are you positive? But let’s talk about the lyrics, which were
written by a slaveholder and, in the 3rd stanza they celebrate the death of slaves who sided
with the British in the war of 1812. But the song is about Fort McHenry in Baltimore,
which withstood a 24 hour attack from the British navy. So the big inspiring idea here is that the
country …. still exists. Is it the ramparts yet? I keep going to the ramparts. Oh. Whose bright stripes. Perilous…night? Um. Brave. These words are more descriptive than motivating. They’re also phrased really awkwardly,
so it’s no wonder that they just don’t stick in our brains. “Whose bright stripes and bright stars … and
the heavenly light.” [checks hand] “Were so gallantly”
“You know I had a really good laugh about it and you know you get over things and you
know you get back up again.” Christina you deserve better. No no no. Hold up. America loves watching people publicly fail. “And the rocket’s red glare.” “Written by Francis Scott off-Key.” We should be grateful that the Star Spangled
Banner gives us those moments. “Banner yet wave” Yeah I don’t know quite what it was I was watching, but I think that’s another example
of I think she really tried to do something new with it and it just wasn’t as successful
as she hoped it would be. Yes, it’s risky to for performers to try
something new. But when they do it well, it’s amazing. Let’s rewind back to 1968. It’s game 5 of the World Series and José
Feliciano, a 23-year-old blind Puerto Rican folk singer is there to do the anthem. “Oh say can you see” Now it’s immediately apparent this doesn’t sound like the star spangled banner. It’s the height of the Vietnam War, and
our national anthem sounds like a peaceful folk tune. “And the home of the brave”
He finishes it and then listen closely. There are boos. One woman was so angry she said she was going
to write a letter to her senator to complain. But RCA released the the live recording as
a single. And it was the first time the national anthem
made it on the Billboard charts. Fifteen years later Marvin Gaye walked up
to center court at the 1983 NBA Allstar game with a shocking amount of swagger, and took a cue
from Feliciano. “By the dawn’s early light”
By the end the crowd was clapping with him. “O’er the land of the free”
We don’t need a different National Anthem to feel something. We just need the right singer. Like maybe these singers? “Of the coming of the lord” “Oh beautiful for spacious skies” “May we forever stand, true to our god and
true to our native land.” Oh so you want one of those to be our national
anthem? To be honest they’re a little religious
for my taste. See! People have tried, in vain, to replace the
star spangled banner for a really long time. It’s not going anywhere anytime soon. So just enjoy it when it’s good. And enjoy it when it’s bad too.


100 Responses

  1. Vox

    July 4, 2018 1:14 pm

    If you want to learn more about the anthem, check out this site: http://starspangledmusic.org/blog/ They're obsessed with the Star Spangled Banner and have tons of interesting facts and videos. This book by Marc Ferris is also really interesting https://www.amazon.com/Star-Spangled-Banner-Unlikely-Americas-National/dp/1421415186/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=

  2. Finnic

    September 2, 2019 1:46 pm

    Coming from a multicultural family, ive heard several anthems and all the ones ive heard sound really nice when a crowd sings it….except the Star Spangled Banner.

  3. Dominick Tewksbury27

    September 3, 2019 12:48 am

    Who cares if u can or cant sing it when u sing it have joy that ur in america and anyway if u sing it out loud it's probably around people its around hundreds to thousands of people who dont care what u sound like


    September 3, 2019 7:12 pm

    Me being a American watching a American fail singing while dismissing the fact that I also can't sing it.

    I'm disappointed in my self

  5. Perfectly Prejudice

    September 4, 2019 4:58 am

    Who else sat there and sang the national anthem just to make sure you still knew it unlike these bozos

  6. I Have No Name

    September 6, 2019 2:35 am

    Throughout all my time in school, they never taught us national anthem and I never went out of my way to learn it, as with many of my peers. I know Mexico’s national anthem tho

  7. Emmanuel Salas

    September 8, 2019 10:31 pm

    only people who can sing the national anthem correctly and in four-part harmony are our choirs.

    change my mind

  8. Kylie Jenner

    September 9, 2019 6:48 pm

    In Austria we learn it in school, forget the lyrics, hear it like, almost never? Well, and in my opinion (and lot others also think lol) don’t like the song.

  9. jackthealienboy

    September 10, 2019 10:15 pm

    the star spangled banner
    -written by a slaveholder
    -horrible when sung by an average american
    -musical wackjob

    old town road
    -larger than the national anthem ever was
    -represents what America likes in the modern times

  10. Ua C

    September 11, 2019 3:11 pm

    Well its compulsory for all Indian schools to sing the national anthem so something like that would be like listening to a

  11. zedx50

    September 11, 2019 7:09 pm

    As a Canadian, I just want to pose this – Americans only ever hear/sing the national anthem at big sporting events. Why? BECAUSE It's so hard to sing. Every major assembly/function that was in any way political, O Canada was coming out, and everyone was singing along. Because it's an anthem, designed to build unison of a country, not for everyone to watch and listen to a single person perform. I do also feel like other countries are the same.

    That said, maybe it IS a commentary of the US as a country, that the anthem is really… a rite of passage as opposed to a song for the masses. Just an observation though.

  12. Patrick Flaherty

    September 12, 2019 2:48 am

    I can see a case for making the “Battle Hymn of the Republic” the anthem. It has a simpler structure, an anti-slavery message, but it is undeniably religious.

  13. Adrian

    September 12, 2019 2:45 pm

    Unecessarly complicated makings people fail? I think they should keep it, it fits the country it represents, hehe

  14. Mikado15 Studios

    September 13, 2019 4:55 am

    If a song is too religious for taste then this country is too religious for taste, we were founded by the people who said In God We Trust, that's how it will stay

  15. Kevin Toine

    September 13, 2019 6:54 am

    In Belgium most people don't know the national anthem besides maybe the first sentance. Even our national soccer teams doesn't say a word when the national anthem comes on before the game. And our former prime minister started to sing the French national anthem when journalists asked him if he knew Belgium's national anthem. Fail.

  16. Florp

    September 14, 2019 2:09 am

    the people at vox that sang the anthem are no where near patriots if they cant remember the lyrics of one of the greatest songs ever written

  17. Edna Mode

    September 15, 2019 2:46 am

    You guys purposely chose the worst singers and the least patriotic people lol
    I learned the whole song in 3rd grade 😐

    We didn’t even sing it in school, I just kept reading the poster of the lyrics for about a month, and there

  18. Rymbet

    September 16, 2019 12:27 am

    In my elementary school, a few random students from our chorus were selected to sing the national anthem before every school concert. And I, of course out of all people, along with a group of people were chosen to sing. And all I can say is it was a nightmare

  19. The General Zod Fan Club

    September 19, 2019 1:27 pm

    No america the beautiful by Ray Charles if this dosent become are national anthem I will start the 2nd american revolution just like some famous revolutionaries of 1776. And maybe this time will dump every recording of the star spangeld banner from cds,cassette tape,vinyl,45's, and rca victor's into the Boston Harbor and cost the music industry $999. in damages in lost royalties I think then the american government would surrender and hand over the rights for the star spangled banner which would be shredded and replaced with america the beautiful by Ray Charles and also I would enact the 0 amendment which states this anthem cannot be replaced unless all congress would have to agree to replace it and not to mention this couldn't be possible unless all three parties: democrat,republican and independent unanimously agreed to do so but I imagine that would be much harder to do with three parties.

  20. Alex Holz

    September 20, 2019 3:36 am

    ok, ill give you its hard to sing, but, listen to it played by a band (concert/marching not rock) and the main cited "problems" octaves and chromatics and skip, become a nonstarter. ill agree its not great, but it cant be changed

  21. xarvert

    September 20, 2019 11:00 am

    dont worry, this isn't a stereotypical comment. even if the national anthem is terrible, i still love my country! 🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸


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