Christianity from Judaism to Constantine: Crash Course World History #11

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Hi there my name’s John Green; this is Crash Course
World History and today we’re going to talk about Jesus. So this is a Roman coin from around the time
Jesus was born in the Roman Empire, and it calls Augustus, the emperor, the son of God.
So let’s just state at the outset that in 4 BCE, being the son of God, or at least being
the son of a god was not such an unusual thing. But a poor Jew being the son of God — that
was news. [Theme Music] Any understanding of Christianity has to start
with Judaism, because Jesus was born a Jew, and he grew up in the Jewish tradition. He
was one of many teachers spreading his ideas in the Roman province of Judea at the time,
and he was part of a messianic tradition that helps us understand why he was thought of
not only teacher but something much, much more. Let’s go straight to the Thought Bubble
today. The people who would become the Jews, were
just one of many tribal peoples eking out an existence in that not-very fertile crescent
world of Mesopotamia after the agricultural revolution. The Hebrews initially worshiped many gods,
making sacrifices to them in order to bring good weather and good fortune. But they eventually
developed a religion centered around an idea that would become key to the other great western
religions. This was monotheism, the idea that there is
only one true god (or at least that if there are other gods around, they are total lameoids).
The Hebrews developed a second concept that is key to their religion as well: the idea
of the covenant, a deal with God. The main man in this, the big macher was Abraham.
Not to make this too much of a scripture lesson, but it’s kind of hard to understand the
Jews without understanding Abraham, or Abram as he was known before he had his big conversation
with God. Recorded in Genesis 17: “When Abram was ninety years and nine, the LORD appeared
to Abram, and said unto him, ‘I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.’
” And I’m a make a covenant with you and a bunch of cool things will happen like you’re
gonna have kids and your descendants will number the stars and you can have all the
land of Canaan forever, it’s gonna be awesome. I’m paraphrasing by the way, Thought Bubble. So God promised that Abram would have kids
with his wife even though the dude was already like 99, but there was a catch: “This is my
covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; every man
child among you shall be circumcised.” Keep it PG-13, Thought Bubble. Now that is asking a lot from a guy, especially
a 99-year-old geezer like Abram living in a time before general anesthesia. But those
were the terms of the deal, and in exchange God had chosen Abraham and his descendants
to be a great nation. From this we get the expression that the Jews are the Chosen people. Thanks for keeping it clean, Thought Bubble. So, some important things about this god: One, singularity. He — and I’m using the
masculine pronoun because that’s what Hebrew prayers use — does not want you to put any
gods before Him. He is also transcendent, having always existed
and he is deeply personal – he chats with prophets, sends locusts, etc. But he doesn’t
take corporeal form like the Greek and Roman Gods do. He is also involved in history, like he will
destroy cities, and bring floods, and determine the outcome of wars, and possibly football
games. Stan, no! FOOTBALL games! Probably most important to us today, and certainly
most important to Jesus, this god demands moral righteousness and social justice. So,
this is the god of the Hebrews, Yahweh, and despite many ups and downs, the Jewish people
have stuck with him for- according to the Hebrew calendar, at least- over 5700 years. And He has stuck by them too, despite the
Jews being, on occasion, something of a disappointment to him. Which leads to various miseries, and
also to a tradition of prophets who speak for God and warn the people to get back on
the right path lest there be more miseries. Which brings us back to our friends, the Romans.
By the time that Jesus was born, the land of the Israelites had been absorbed into the
Roman Empire as the province of Judea. At the time of Jesus’s birth, Judea was under
the control of Herod the Great, best known for building the massive temple in Jerusalem,
that the Romans would later destroy. And by the time Jesus died, an expanded Judea
was under the rule of Herod Antipater. Also, unhelpfully, known as Herod. Both Herods ultimately
took their orders from the Romans, and they both show up on the list of rulers who are
oppressive to the Jews, partly because there’s never that much religious freedom in an empire. Unless you are, wait for it… The Mongols
[Mongoltage] or the Persians. Also, they were Hellenizers,
bringing in Greek theater and architecture, and rationalism. And in response to those
Hellenistic influences, there were a lot of preachers trying to get the Jews to return
to the traditions and the godly ways of the past, including the Sadducees, and the Pharisees,
and the Essenes, and the Zealots. And one of those preachers, who didn’t fit
comfortably into any of these four groups, was Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus was a preacher
who spread his message of peace, love and, above all, justice, across Judea over the
course of his actually average-length life for his time. He was remarkably charismatic, attracting
a small but incredibly loyal group of followers, and he was said to perform miracles — although
it’s worth noting that miracles weren’t terribly uncommon at the time. Jesus’s message was particularly resonant
to the poor and downtrodden and pretty radical in its anti-authoritarian stance. He said
it was easier for a camel to get through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to get
to heaven, he said the meek were blessed, that the last would be first and the first
would be last — all of which was kind of threatening to the powers that be, who accordingly
had him arrested, tried and then executed in the normal method of killing rebels at
that time: crucifixion. Also, just to put this question to bed, the
Romans crucified Jesus, because he was a threat to their authority. Later traditions saying that the
Jews killed Jesus? Very unfortunate, also, very untrue. We’re not going to discuss Jesus’s divinity,
because: 1. This isn’t a theology class, and
2. Flame wars on the Internet make me so uncomfortable that I have to turn to camera 2. Hi there camera
2, I’m here to remind you that 3. Fighting over such things, like fighting
over whether the proverbial cake is a lie, rarely accomplishes anything, plus
4. What matters to us is the historical fact that people at the time believed that Jesus
was the Messiah, the Anointed One, the son of God. And they believed that he would return
some day to redeem the world. Which leads us to two questions about Christianity: First, Why did this small group of people
believe this? And second, why and how did that belief become so widespread? So why would people believe that Jesus was
the Messiah? First. The Jews had a long tradition of believing
that a savior who would come to them in a time of trouble. And Judea under the rule
of Herod and the Romans… definitely a time of trouble. And many of the prophecies about this savior
point to someone whose life looks a lot like Jesus’s. For instance, Isaiah 53 says the
person will be misunderstood and mistreated, just like Jesus was: “He was despised, and
rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and as one from whom men hide
their face he was despised; and we didn’t respect him.” And a lot of the prophecies like Daniel 7:14,
for instance, explained that when the Messiah comes there will be this awesome, new, everlasting
kingdom. And that had to sound pretty good to people who’d had their autonomy taken
away from them. So some religious Jews saw Jesus in those
prophecies and came to believe either during his life or shortly thereafter, that he was
the messiah. Most of them thought the new everlasting kingdom was right around the corner,
which is probably why no one bothered to write down much about the life of Jesus for several
decades, by which time it was clear that we might have to wait a bit for this brilliant
new everlasting kingdom. I should note, by the way, that the idea of
a messiah was not unique to the Jews at the time. Even the Romans got in on the action,
for instance, the Roman poet Virgil wrote of a boy who: “Shall free the earth from
never-ceasing fear, he shall receive the life of gods, and see Heroes with gods commingling.”
Sound familiar? But Virgil was writing about Emperor Augustus
in that poem, not Jesus, which points again to the similarities between the two. Both
called sons of God. Both sent to free the earth from never-ceasing fear. But one ruled
the largest empire in the world; and the other believed that empire, and the world, needed
to change dramatically. So why did the less wealthy and famous son
of God become by far the more influential? Well, here are three possible historical reasons: Reason #1: The Romans continued to make things
bad for the Jews. In fact, things got much worse for the Jews, especially after they launched
a revolt between 66-73 CE, which did not go well. By the time the dust settled, the Romans had
destroyed the Temple and expelled the Jews from Judea, beginning what we now know
as the Jewish Diaspora. And without a Temple or geographic unity,
the Jews had to solidify what it meant to be a Jew and what the basic tenants of the
religion were. This forced the followers of Jesus to make a decision: were they going
to continue to be Jews following stricter laws set forth by rabbis, or were they going
to be something else. The decision to open up their religion to
non-Jews, people who weren’t part of the covenant, is the central reason that Christianity
could become a world religion instead of just a sect of Judaism. And it probably didn’t
hurt that the main proponent of sticking with Judaism was James, Jesus’s brother, who
was killed by the Romans. Reason #2: Is related to Reason #1 and it’s
all about a dude named Saul. No, not that Saul. Yes, Saul of Tarsus, thank you. Saul, having received a vision on the road
to Damascus, became Paul and began visiting and sending letters to Jesus followers throughout
the Mediterranean. And it was Paul who emphatically declared that Jesus followers did NOT have
to be Jews, that they did not have to be circumcised or keep to Jewish laws or any of that stuff. This opened the floodgates for thousands of
people to convert to this new religion. And the other thing to remember about Paul is
that he was a Roman citizen, which meant that he could travel freely throughout the Roman
Empire. This allowed him to make his case to lots of different people and facilitated
the geographic spread of Christianity. Oh, it’s time for the open letter? Alright.
An open letter, to the fish. But first, lets see what’s in the secret
compartment today. Oh, Stan. It’s my favorite album Jesus Christ Superstar, finally available
in my favorite format, the cassette. Did I color-coordinate my shirt to Jesus Christ
Superstar? Yes. Dear Ichthys, So check this out: In the first
century when it was still super underground and hipster to be a Christian, you were a
secret symbol of Christianity, used to kind of hide from the Romans. Ichthys, the Greek
word for fish, was an acronym and it was a super clever way to talk about religion without
anyone knowing that you were talking about it. But you’ll never guess what happened – even
in places where it’s completely fine to talk about Christianity now and to use, you
know, regular Christian symbols, like the cross, you have had a huge resurgence thanks
to the plastic automobile decal industry. I mean seriously, Ichthys, I haven’t seen
a comeback like this since Jesus. Best wishes, John Green And lastly, Christianity was born and flourished
an empire with a common language that allowed for its spread. And crucially, it was also
an Empire in decline. Like even by the end of the first century
CE, Rome was on its way down. And for the average person, and even for some elites,
things weren’t as good as they had been, if fact they were getting worse so fast that you
might have thought the end of the world was coming. And Roman religion offered no promise of an
afterlife, and a bunch of squabbling whiny gods – sorry if I offended adherents to Roman
religion, but seriously, they squabble. So even though early Christians were persecuted
by the Roman Empire and sometimes fed to the lions and other animals, the religion continued
to grow, albeit slowly. But then as the Roman decline continued, Emperor
Constantine allowed the worship of Jesus and then eventually converted to Christianity
himself. And then the religion really took off. I mean, Rome wasn’t what it used to
be, but everybody still wanted to be like the Emperor. And soon enough there was a new
son of God on coins. Thanks for watching. See you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller, our script supervisor is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history
teacher Raoul Meyer and myself and our graphics team is Thought Bubble. As only 62 million of you guessed last week,
the Phrase of the Week was “Chipotle Burrito”; if you want to guess at this week’s Phrase
of the Week or suggest future ones, you can do so in Comments where you can also ask questions
about today’s video that will be answered, hopefully, by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course, and as we
say in my hometown, Don’t Forget To Be Awesome. Ow… again.

 

96 Responses

  1. BigBadSeed

    August 22, 2019 9:06 pm

    As a Christian, I'll say this is probably the best explanation of the origin an early history of Christianity that you can get within the length of an episode of SpongeBob.

    Reply
  2. James

    August 24, 2019 11:23 am

    Jesus Christ is a messenger not a god. He himself told his followers that he isnt a god and told them stop calling me lord cus he aint a lord. If Jesus was a god how come the earth was already created before his existins? As long as people worship Jesus as a god he will not forgive himself. Stop listening to the devil because when the time comes (judgment day). The devil will tell you that you have been tricked, worshipped a messenger as a god.

    Its not too late to change.

    Reply
  3. Ford Army

    August 24, 2019 9:23 pm

    If a unmarried man shall look at a unmarried women with lust in his heart then he has committed adultery in his heart there for the punishment for adultery is the same punishment for premarital sex. Only the females get stoned.

    Reply
  4. Liz E

    August 25, 2019 3:07 pm

    This guy is a D minus at best if you're looking for real information try drive through history the guy's name is Stotts and he's very good this guy's not so much for minutes peace out

    Reply
  5. Ahmed Tato

    August 25, 2019 10:40 pm

    The part of getting circumcised also includes their slaves not just his family. Just saying. Poor slaves.

    Reply
  6. Braden _only_Jesus

    August 27, 2019 3:36 am

    Jesus was crucified because he claimed to be one with God. Calling him his Father and saying that before abraham was I AM

    Reply
  7. English Grammar

    August 31, 2019 1:36 am

    Why do people think Judaism predated Christianity, because some book that wants us to believe the universe was created in 7 days says so? In all seriousness?

    Reply
  8. Alexander Arnold

    August 31, 2019 10:24 am

    The Italians chose for their nation to be conquered by Arabs and Africans and Asians and other places and planets and called this Christianity.

    Reply
  9. Independence In Mind

    September 1, 2019 8:33 pm

    One thing I can really appreciate about Judaism is there isn’t a pressure to convert people or tell them they’ll suffer if they refuse.
    It’s also not holding god to such a high standard that he can’t be questioned. I. The Torah he is questioned and that is normal and a good thing. he isn’t so perfect and high and mighty that he’s without flaw and untouchable.
    I don’t think I will ever be able to believe in a god but I have still be welcomed in to the community and loved included in the celebrations and the family of the Temple.
    I have lovingly been excepted for who I am and am Jew Adjacent as the Rabbi calls me.
    I have found a family and I am so grateful.

    Reply
  10. O System

    September 4, 2019 10:51 pm

    Lol … politically correct 😂
    PC person (lol) fear much … and have no actual opinion …. 😜
    Can’t wait to hear about Islam and Mohamed…. 😜 if they dare …😂😂😂

    Reply
  11. Crispin Price

    September 5, 2019 6:59 am

    You are doing a great disservice to real journalists. You have missed the mark of factual news. Did you ever actually read the Bible? The videos says not.

    Reply
  12. connie feijen

    September 5, 2019 12:09 pm

    What I don't understand about Christianity is they are anti 666 what makes them the anti christ like they are anti astrology what makes them again the anti christ. I have knowledge esoterically to explain the symbol of Jesus cruxifiction without no doubt what leaves me to other questions again. It seem to be a never ending story. Like how can people that never win a game claim they win a game after they never win a game since they have no answers and compete with other people has nothing got to do with it and so they for sure battle another fight like for their own business money or to keep their job or afraid to lose their job and they do that as anybody else so there are no winners not yet anyway so nobody can claim the title. Some things in the bible do not lie about it. A winner ofcourse can cure you and is not in need for materials or afraid to lose their jobs. And that so far you can say about nobody. We live under preasure like many rules for the poor until it matters no more if you come a long with the society game and you get all for free because in the first place it all never was about money. Not really as we try still only fool the poor with to keep them poor since they are a threat to society and still did not give in as those who did to shut up in exchange for an easy live with no torture.
    Ofcourse the jobs you get if you get money all over a sudden exist to torture people non stop. This makes you complicit with other sinners and so you will not talk about it and not go to the police you do not trust anyway since they got a job and can therefor not be trust because they have an earning and will lie to keep their job anyway.

    Reply
  13. Christopher Adams

    September 6, 2019 5:31 am

    well when the romans destroyed the temple which had been rebuilt before they placed an idol on top of the ruins. Thus not fullfilling the prophecy of the abomination that causes desolation being where it should not be. Now that israel has been reborn again… so maybe… with the tents of esau and ishmael… idk. I believe in my God Jesus and the ends times will not be fun.

    Reply
  14. Christopher Adams

    September 6, 2019 5:37 am

    so the temple has to be rebuild for my Master's prophecy to be fulfilled, and all those who attack jerusalem will be cursed to where their flesh rots as they stand their eyes rot in their sockets and their tongue rots in their mouths. and it was prophecied that christ would be rejected (the stone the builder refused has now become the corner stone) and that there would be great suffering before the Lord returns. i could go on. but i say read the bible cover to cover before i would say anything about it. because there is a chronological order to things. we are free from the law, there's a reason they went mad when the first English copy came out.

    Reply
  15. Matt King

    September 10, 2019 6:02 pm

    Jesus doesn't look like that, jesus wasn't white, he was a middle eastern jew so he was brown with black hair and brown eyes, he didn't have blue eyes or girls brown long hair, that white man you always see in pictures that people call jesus is actually a white man named cesar borgia, that image came from the Catholic church, they fooled the whole world, deceiving people to beilving thats jesus,
    Jesus didn't get killed by the Romans, well yes the Romans did physically killed him, but Jesus's own people wanted him dead, the jewish people, not all jews but most of the Jews in Israel, didn't beilve jesus was the messiah, yes its true what you said that, God had promise a rescuers aka a savior aka a hero, aka a messiah aka a king for the jewish nation, there are so much prophecies predicting this new human, lots of jews thought this messiah was gonna overthrow the roman government be like a warrior king like there ancestor david, and btw God doesn't look like that, God isn't some old ugly looking white man. I bet that picture came from the romans as well, and what you said is what the bible says, you see screw all religions, every single religion besides christanity are stupid and fake, christanity teaches peace, God has a rescue plan to save the world from evil, so we live in a evil violent world, so Gods plan is bring peace to the world and fill the world with love and justice, how Yahweh is gonna do it, by Jesus Christ a perfect human, a human we need, so God made a covenant aka a deal with Abraham descendents call the hebrews aka Israelites, God gave them 613 laws to keep, and show all the nations how God is like, but israel was evil, they worship other gods, meaning they did other religions, they killed people, steal, buy and sell slaves, but when christ came along Jesus obeyed all the laws perfectly and he died in the place of the evil Jews, but since Jesus was perfect he rose from the dead, so jews have a choice they could accept Christ as king turn from their sins, or they could reject it, but those who accept have salvation, but the salvation is not for the jews but for all the world,
    Christianity is a world religion, any one could be a Christian no matter what skin color, no matter your jew or gentile, no matter your what country you come from, this is the true religion, christanity and Catholicism is not the same, or mormonsim, or jeheova witnesses, those are false religion, same with islam screw all of that, screw every other gods, i don't respect anyone religions,

    Reply
  16. Maxer13

    September 10, 2019 6:03 pm

    Jesus was ordered to be killed by the Jews and killed by the romans. But the main culprate were the Jews. This is a fact.

    Reply
  17. D Mills

    September 11, 2019 12:40 pm

    Way, way, too much stupid comments etc in the hope of being clever and cool and woke. Just get on with presenting complex stuff simply. Thank you.

    Reply
  18. Leezy

    September 12, 2019 9:31 am

    So what I got from his is, I lost my mushroom tip because the Jews run America and despite science suggesting circumcision has no health benefits, America has the highest circumcision rates in the modern world.

    Reply
  19. Gary Kenpo

    September 12, 2019 11:52 pm

    I do got to say one thing there were a lot of fake Miracles by that also Miracles will not that common the worst Old Testament miracles but for the most part they were not very, this man is so much mistaken we're so far I like the video he may be referring to the Old Testament miracles

    Reply
  20. Rosie Girl

    September 14, 2019 8:50 pm

    You forgot to mention the part where Jesus resurrected from the dead…it was and still is a pretty big deal!

    Reply
  21. P. J. Casselman

    September 14, 2019 10:02 pm

    John and Crash Course (who I love watching) made a critical error in this by saying the Romans killed Jesus and that only later were the Jews blamed. Such a statement takes the minority position in a dispute by scholars. The idea being that the Gospels were written later with anti-Semitic views.
    First, Jesus and his disciples were all Jewish. Second, there is ample evidence the Gospels were all written in the first century. Third, why inject such controversy into an otherwise flawless look at Christianity? Did you do that with other religions covered? And the answer to that shows the critical error. You tossed out a unproven theory as fact in order to support a social opinion. That's something Christians do and are scoffed at for so doing. Why'd you do it?
    Answer this: In Islam, was The Prophet's son the rightful heir to The Prophet? I'll await your answer…

    Reply
  22. Willie Richard Johnson Projects

    September 15, 2019 2:52 am

    I followed Jesus for a while and he led me off a cliff. Now I pray to Athena and Dionysus.

    Reply
  23. Fernando Osornio

    September 15, 2019 10:42 pm

    @crashcourse hey I just want to point something out James was not his brother he was referred like that in the Bible but the term brother meant something different and no the romans di not kill him it was the jewish supreme priests who did and convinced the romans to do so

    Reply
  24. Ali B

    September 16, 2019 3:03 am

    Paul uses Roman privilege to have James outshined publicly and later, killed. Never gets mentioned, not even amongst Messianic Jews. Interesting.

    Reply
  25. Mason 12399

    September 17, 2019 10:21 pm

    Lmao do you not know that people lived beyond 105+ years at that time? 99 would be considered being 30-35 now days

    Reply
  26. Mason 12399

    September 17, 2019 10:24 pm

    The rest of the scripture is
    It’s easier for a camel to get through the eye of a needle than it is for a rich man to enter heaven BUT all things are possible through Christ Jesus

    Reply
  27. jose guerrero

    September 18, 2019 1:01 pm

    Roman's created christianity lmao all religoins are fake and made to control people, desperate people that feel in a hole without hope.. hoping for an imaginary friend to save them

    Reply
  28. Melissa

    September 18, 2019 11:25 pm

    Hi, it’s me, a 32 year old who attended fifteen years of Catholic schooling, finding out for the first time that Jesus had a brother.

    Reply
  29. Peter Firk

    September 20, 2019 12:26 am

    WHAT is the TRUE NATURE of GOD??

    The OLD Testament contains a FALSE view of GOD. This is why JESUS (as well as Buddha and many other peace-loving saints and sages –– both men & women) came to teach people that GOD is not a war-mongering, genital mutilating, revengeful, genocidal hater of one's enemies –– as portrayed in much of the OLD Testament –– but a loving, forgiving GOD who teaches to love one's enemies, forgive those who treat one badly, and create a world of PEACE.

    This confusion within the church began when spies working for some top Rabbis in the first few centuries AD, joined the church, and were able to convince Church leaders to incorporate the OLD testament into the 'Bible'. This infiltration has led to massive confusion as to the true nature of GOD.

    Reply
  30. Scot .harvath

    September 20, 2019 8:19 pm

    AMAZING, I BOY, ERR OLDER BOY, JOHN G. , GETS EDUMACATED AND THINKS HE KNOWS SOMETHING, AND IN AN ATTEMPT TO SHOW OFF TO HIS FEMALE WIFE/COLUMBIA INDOCTRINATED NO LESS, HE JUMPS ON THE ELITE BANDWAGON THAT,,,,,,IM SO SMART, THEREFORE I REJECT MY CREATOR,,,JESUS SMESUS, WELL GUESS WHAT NOT – SO EDUCATED ELITISTS? YOU ARE WRONG,,,JESUS IS GOD, HIS WORD IS TRUTH AND IF YOU REJECT HIM, WELL, PACK LIGHT, YOUR CHOICE FOR ETERNITY WILL BE UNPLEASANT,,IT IS HOWEVER,,,YOUR CHOICE

    Reply
  31. jheel tiwari

    September 22, 2019 1:09 pm

    birth of christianity, christianity in the roman empire, barbarian invasion, byzantine empire, monastries and thier impact, crusades were told

    Reply
  32. Jacob Tack

    September 23, 2019 1:12 pm

    Eeeh! few things, Jews(as a nation) weren't around in the time of Abraham. The Jews/Yahudah are but one tribe, of the 12 sons of Jacob.
    Jesus(a Greek name) is not the Jewish Messiah! Yahusha was His Name, a Hebrew born from the tribe Yahudah/Judah/Jews. From a Hebrew Mother. His Father was the Mighty One of the Hebrews.
    Shaul did not take away circumcision, because he can't. It was and is an eternal Covenant. And our Father never changes:
    Psa 89:34 “I shall not profane My covenant, Neither would I change what has gone out from My lips.

    Another mistake is to try and sell the idea that all people (incl Christians) are the father's people. Our Messiah only came for the lost tribes of the house of Yisrael, which was dispersed amongst the nations/gentiles.
    Mat 15:24 And He answering, said, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Yisra’ĕl.”

    There are no gates for the Christians into heaven, but only for the 12 tribes of the house if Yisrael:
    Rev 21:12 and having a great and high wall, having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve messengers, and names written on them, which are those of the twelve tribes of the children of Yisra’ĕl:

    Can anyone outside Yisrael be saved? Yes, but for that you have to become Yisrael, which means to overcome with EL(Elohim/Mighty One).
    Study Rom 11, on engrafting into Yisrael.

    Yisrael must obey the Torah/Command of Yahuah, to be able to have the authority to enter through the gates:

    Rev 22:14 “Blessed are those doing His commands, so that the authority shall be theirs unto the tree of life, and to enter through the gates into the city.

    THere is one Torah for the native and for the stranger, no 2 sets of rules, like you would like them to believe, one for the Jews and one for the Christians!
    Exo 12:49 “There is one Torah for the native-born and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”

    Reply
  33. MavHunter20XX

    September 24, 2019 1:23 am

    Nothing like a bunch of half truths ie Jesus was a threat to the Romans. Heck, some Romans believed in Jesus before he accended

    Reply
  34. Guido Gabaldi

    September 24, 2019 8:00 pm

    My dear historians and wanna-be historians, THANKS 4 yr nice videos! Only one thing: SPQR is not the acronym 4 Senatus PopulsQue Romanus … the right script is Senatus PopulsQue Romanorum. Romanorum is a genitive case and stands 4 "of Romans". Thank U again and please don't call me captious.

    Reply
  35. Ali Qazilbash

    September 26, 2019 10:39 am

    I think I would be like the least qualified person to have a religious debate with.. best to just leave it for the experts! ✌️✌️

    Reply
  36. Bujjusubi 2002

    September 26, 2019 1:49 pm

    Jew Abraham coined man oriented God theory ,not all living being theory only .Not realized equality for every livingbeings in anywhere in the universe.

    Reply
  37. Tyler Long

    September 26, 2019 9:58 pm

    James was not Jesus’s brother the word for sibling in Hebrew is the same word for cousin but if you paid more scriptural attention James would not be Jesus his brother

    Reply
  38. Graciey the filmmaker

    September 27, 2019 4:21 am

    Massive point here is missed-
    – Jesus was executed because He claimed to be God, the Jews so enraged by that managed to place enough political pressure on the ruling powers to execute Him
    – Jesus preached a lot about Hell. We know more about Hell than about Heaven because of that. His first recorded words were to 'repent and believe'. That doesn't seem like a message of love and peace etc.

    Reply
  39. Metrosplash

    September 28, 2019 11:01 am

    Why don’t you not use the scientific Method for Jesus you use for every other event! John, You Know There was no Jesus, he is simply the Hebrew Resurrection God. A Mythological God. The Entire Crash Course Comes into question if you just take Jesus as a real person. You’re discourse on the Bronze Age, Rome, Greece, everything, if you think Jesus was an actual person. I can’t believe you have a PhD if you believe in Santa. Stop Demeaning Yourself,, Caesar wrote books, others wrote of Caesar, But no one mentions this Hebrew. I can’t believe you don’t Hold the truth of Jesus to the same truth of, say Robin Hood. There was no Jesus Christ!

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  40. the Art of Humanity

    September 29, 2019 8:50 pm

    Can we all just keep in mind that this is all speculative (at-least to a certain extent). Obviously, none of us lived in the past or can 100% rely on the anthropomorphically biased accounts of history either passed on orally or recorded by scribes. So please! Can we all just enjoy the video, pass our respective tests at school (or bask in the excitement of history) in peace?

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